Candles are one of the oldest known human inventions. They were used not just to light dark places, but also to guide travelers, provide heat, and even ward off evil spirits. Though we rely less on candles today than our forebears did, candle-making has evolved in many ways throughout history—and it's still hugely popular!
The earliest candles were made of beeswax. They were used for light and for religious ceremonies. Later, tallow was used to make candles. Tallow is a fatty substance that comes from the body of an animal such as a cow or sheep, so it's similar to modern-day animal fat. This type of candle continued to be used even after tallow became less popular because it was cheaper than other types of candles such as wax candles. Wax and oil was another common combination; perhaps you've heard this method described as "beeswax."
The industrial revolution was all about new technology and the way it changed everything. First of all, the industrial revolution made it possible for people to produce things more easily and cheaply. This meant that more people could buy them too!
A lot of this had to do with machines that were invented during this time period (from about 1750-1850). These machines helped make candles easier and cheaper to make. Once they were invented, special candle making factories popped up all over Europe and North America.
Discovery of paraffin
The paraffin lamp was invented in 1846 by a German chemist named Friedrich von Stromeyer. It was popularized by the Scottish chemist William Turquand and used to light up the London Underground train system in 1862. The first time paraffin was used as a fuel, however, was back in 1850s when a Canadian geologist named Abraham Gesner discovered that when you distill coal tar you get a residue called “paraffin wax” (this is where we get the name for our modern candle). This discovery led to an increased demand for coal tar—but this wasn't enough because the price of coal tar had risen from $12 per barrel before 1860 to $96 per barrel by 1865! In order to meet this demand in an affordable way, someone had to figure out how to make paraffin cheaply on their own.
Electric lights arrive
The final nail in the coffin for candle making was the invention of electric lights, which were safer, more convenient and longer-lasting than candles.
The first electric light was invented in 1802 by Humphry Davy, but this design had many problems with safety and durability. It wasn’t until Thomas Edison invented a long-lasting bulb that we could finally start replacing candles with light bulbs.
Making candles has changed in many ways over the years but one thing remains constant: people like them a lot!
Candles have been around for thousands of years. In ancient times, they were used to light the way out of dark caves and as a source of light during the night. In modern times, candles are still popular and are used in many different ways.
Candle making has changed a lot over time as well. In early history, candles were made by hand; people would dip their wicks into hot wax until they had enough to fill the entire candle mold. Today, most candles are made in factories using machines that melt wax or paraffin and then inject it into molds at high speeds!
I guess that’s about it for candles. I feel like there is so much more to say, but I think it’s time to take a break from history and learn more about the amazing things that have happened in the candle industry over the past few years!